ParaView does not work on my remote computer with ssh -X/Y! (OpenGL Errors)

With caveats, ParaView can works with X forwarding. The issue is that X forwarding only supports OpenGL 2.1, where ParaView requires OpenGL 3.2.

To get around this, you may want to run Kitware’s ParaView binaries with software rendering, as follows: paraview-mesa paraview --backend llvmpipe.

You can also setup a client/server architecture. See this generic tutorial and the specific one for ssh.